Same understanding about main deteriorating factors, determining pasture status and resources and long term informed policy making are essential for improvement of pasture management.  
Pasture monitoring methodology has been approved to standardize all pasture monitoring activities on a nationwide. Under this situation a requirement has arisen to train company staff and experts responsible for pasture land quality monitoring in this newly developed and officiliazed methodology and update them about the tendency and new methodology of natural resource management.
Objective:                             train companies specializing in pasture land quality monitoring in the standard methodology of pasture monitoring and application of pasture monitoring data base for the purpose of upscaling the knowledge and skills to students and experts
Duration:                              14 days
Attendants                        company staff and experts specializing in land issues
Curriculum
Subjects Hours Agenda
Lectures
Up to date tendency in natural resource management and its application in Mongolia 30 minutes To raise awareness of needs and requirements for updated national pasture monitoring system, its work principles, advantage of the standard methodology.
Ecological potential, ecological unitsй 60 minutes To train ecological potential based pasture assessment, ecological area, its advantage and value and methodology for ecological unit analysis .
Methodology for national pasture health monitoring 60 minutes To train in key indicators of monitoring, their rationale, values and importance, monitoring methodology and method.
Soil analysis methodology as  a part of national desertification monitoring 60min To train in key indicators for soil monitoring, their value and importance, analysis methodology and method
Methodology for pasture health monitoring 60 minutes To train in key criteria for pasture health monitoring, their value, monitoring method and methodology.
Pasture monitoring data base, its advantage, data entry and interpretation 60minutes To train in content and structure of pasture monitoring data base, work principles, data entry, analysis and interpretation.
Seminars
National pasture health monitoring methodology 60 minutes To train methodology for assessment of key criteria of pasture monitoring supported by practical cases, skills of primary data check and error correction
Soil monitoring and analysis methodology 60 minutes To train key indicators of soil monitoring, methodology and method for their measurement
Ecological units and analysis 60 minutes To train the methodology for identification of ecological unit, its advantage and key criteria for measurement
Criteria for pasture health assessment, methodology 60 minutes To train in 17 criteria of pasture health monitoring, methodology for assessment of the status
Application principle of data base 60 minutes To instruct how data enters and checked  in data base, analyses, interprets and uses at local level.
Vegetation  coding 30 minutes To train principles of vegetation coding for primary data entry in data base and follow the principles in primary data check and entry
Primary data entry in data base 180 minutes To introduce primary data of pasture monitoring assessment such as background data, linear recording, recording of distances between perennial plant bases, harvest data and data checking process.
Data analysis and interpretation 120 minutes To train primary data analysis and interpretation . 
Practice
Field pasture monitoring 5 days Янз бүрийн бүлгэмдэлтэй бэлчээрт мониторинг хийж, гарч болох асуудлуудыг газар дээр нь тайлбарлаж бэлчээрийн мониторингийн судалгаа хийх чадвар эзэмшүүлнэ.
Field soil monitoring 5days Knowledge of method and methodology for measuring key soil monitoring indicators . 
Field identification of ecological unit 2 days Skills of using soil assessment methodology and identifying ecological unit using the assessment data.
Field pasture monitoring assessment 2 days Skills of assessing the key pasture health monitoring indicators using the methodology .
Data base application 2 days Skills of primary data entry, check and analysis .
Evaluation 1 day skills assessed as to how well attendants have learnt the monitoring and assessment methodology and data base application
 
Field practice
1.    Field pasture monitoring practice :
This covers pastures of different vegetation types and with varying degrees of degradation (luscious, degraded, sand covered). The focus subjects are as follows:
  1. Key criteria for pasture monitoring observation sites, locating monitoring units at the observation sites, locating the lines and marking starting and ending points in the lines,
  2. Marking starting and ending spots,
  3. Photo documentation and labeling,
  4. Instruction for filling in record sheets,
  5. Recording linear recording, analyzing surface and subsurface, top soil and recording in sheets,
  6. Measuring the distances between perennial plants, recording in the sheets,
  7. Methodology for locating vegetation sample taking sites, sample taking(grassy, bushy and woody plants), drying and weighing the samples Ургацын дээж авах талбаруудыг байрлуулах, ургацын (өвслөг болон бутлаг сөөглөг, модлог ургамлын)дээж авах аргазүй, хаяглах, дээжийг хатаах, жигнэх,
1.    Field soil monitoring and assessment practice :
Field practice of soil monitoring and assessment is conducted simultaneously at observation sites captured by pasture monitoring. It focuses on the following subjects::
  1. Top soil status, erosion, degradation and water absorb rate,
  2. Soil stability,
  3. Water absorb rate(circle method),
  4. Methodology for estimating soil density(Penetrometer
2.    Field practice of analysis of ecological units:
This field practice is conducted in different types of pastures which had been covered by monitoring practice. .
  1. Landscape type,
  2. Topography and direction,
  3. Soil thickness and strata, morphological recording,
  4. Methodology for feel analysis of  soil  mechanic structure (Modified from S.J. Thien. 1979. A flow diagram for teaching texture by feel analysis),
  5. Methodology for soil colour analysis(Munsell soil color charts, 2000),
  6. Methodology for soil structure, degree and size
  7. Methodology for gravel content (Classification of United States department of Agriculture).
  8. Method for analysis of carbonization
 
3.    Field pasture health monitoring:
Methodology for pasture health analysis using the following 17 criteria:
  1. Water flow
  2. Extent of soil erosion to wind ,
  3. Size of eroded sites
  4. Gallying in pasture lands
  5. Wind impact on soil
  6. Thinning and exacerbation of top soil
  7. Top soil erosion and its resilience
  8. Distribution of vegetation
  9. Soil density
  10. Structure and classification of plants
  11. Depletion and degradation of plants
  12. Amount of algae
  13. Yearly harvest,
  14. Multiplying plants
  15. Rehabilitation of perennial plants
 
4.    Field data base :
Мэдээллийн сангийн дадлагын хичээл дараах агуулгатай явагдана. Үүнд:
  1. Checking primary data and correcting data error
  2. Creating files in data base  
  3. Entry of background data: location of observation sites, vegetation classification, top soil, erosion and degradation degrees, water absorb rate of vegetation cover, pasture degradation degree and grazing situation
  4. Linear recording: listing plant species, entry of linear recording data,
  5. Data on distances between plant bases,
  6. Entry of yield data  
  7. Checking and correcting the data
  8. Primary data interpretation: vegetation cover, top soil, distances between plant bases, yield
  9. Summary of the data and conclusion